The agriculture industry has changed a lot over the past century. It can increase the amount of available crop land for growing. These two improvements, when combined, have been shown to increase crop productivity by 52 percent in the greenhouse. Use of modern machinery, such as tractors and combine harvesters à enables land and crops to be managed more efficiently. World population has risen at a rate of 1.9% per year since 1960, but food production has grown at 2.8% per year due to the application of better crop production techniques. After the introduction of DDT, as well as the creation of other chemical pesticides, studies have been done to determine the effects of chemicals on soil fertility and water quality.Research has shown that the very same pesticides used to increase crop yield … Transgenesis aims to introduce, through different techniques, a specific gene (included in a gene construct) from a donor species into the genome of a host species. Thus, a major goal of plant scientists is to find ways to maintain high productivity under stress as well as developing crops … Transgenesis (also called genetic transformation or genetic engineering) is the most recent step to increase genetic variability available within a crop. The importance of optimal nutrition for human health and development is well recognised. More importantly, this study showed up to a 27 percent increase in crop growth in field trials, which is the true test of any crop improvement—demonstrating that these photosynthetic hacks can boost crop production … Vertical Farming Defined. The most important target is Rubisco because it … Genetic engineering makes it possible for plants to grow outside of their normal growing seasons. Degree programs in crop production are available at undergraduate and graduate levels. Crop production is a branch of agriculture that deals with growing crops for use as food and fiber. Food production in the U.S. increased 50 percent in the past 30 years, while using slightly less land. Drones will tour the sky, getting the bird’s eye view of plant health and soil conditions, or generating maps that will guide the robots, and help the human farmers to plan for the farm’s next steps. If past trends are any indication, we are on a good trend. Ideally, food production technology needs to mazimize yields per area, while it minimizes the inputs and the environmental footprint of doing so. And genetic engineering has a drastic impact on animal products. Adverse environmental conditions, such as drought, flooding, extreme heat and so on, affect crop yields more than pests and diseases. By engineering new types of bananas, additional disease resistance can be added to a species or crop and help it stay within the human food chain. Vertical farming, with its potential benefits, may play a major role in addressing the growing food demand while minimizing environmental impact. Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA), commonly known as vertical farming, is a growing system designed to weather- and climate-proof the production of food crops. Further, it produces the plants resistant to infestations and drought. 8. Multiple targets have been identified that could be manipulated to increase crop photosynthesis. 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