About one-fourth of an acre (one-tenth of a hectare) of land is required to supply a family of six. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The most suitable vegetables are those producing a large yield per unit of area. When a soil-improving crop is turned under, the various nutrients that have contributed to the growth of the crop are returned to the soil, adding a quantity of organic matter. On a plot of land of 18m by 36m (648sqm), you can have up to 100 beds of 1m by 5m on it. Requires more space as each bed contains a relatively small amount of vegetables. The purpose of land preparation is to provide the necessary soil conditions which will enhance the successful establishment of the young offshoots or the tissue culture plants received from the nursery. Vegetable farming is a very lucrative agribusiness; it is one of the under-explored business opportunities in Nigeria. I made a quick survey for a choice of vegetable to plant; I was stunned at the high demand for waterleaf, a vegetable I serve snails. This off-season time is a good time to get this information and find the products you will require. The addition of manures and the growing of soil-improving crops are efficient means of supplying soil organic matter. Establishing an orchard in well-prepared soil rather than established sod will also aid in keeping the tree rows and row middles free of broadleaf weeds. Land Preparation Prepare land well in advance of planting time. Select and prepare soil structure for gardening. Soil Test in Fall or Winter. Compacted soils or those with tillage pans can benefit from subsoiling to break the compacted areas. Soil pH range for optimal vegetable growth is species dependent (Liu and Hanlon 2012). Have the topsoil loose, well worked and friable. The vegetables are planted on land suitable for vegetable production and with no more than a 5% slope. Much of the farm production in the area is on lesser acreage; total farm production may be as small as an acre or less. They are traditionally sold in 47- to 55-pound wooden crates or cardboard boxes. There is high competition for nutrients water and space. To allow beds to settle and become firm, make final bed preparation several days before setting. Ensure that there is adequate space for all of your plants. The rate of decomposition of plant material depends on the kind of crop, its stage of growth, and soil temperature and moisture. Cultivation proceeds along the rows rather than up and down the hill. Raised beds are used for wet season vegetable planting. Because vegetable is widely accepted does not mean you should plant any type of vegetable that comes to your mind. Gypsum is a mineral that helps add nutrients to clay … Cover crops, raised for both soil protection and improvement, are only grown during seasons when vegetable crops do not occupy the land. The purpose of land preparation is to provide the best soil conditions which will enhance the successful establishment of the tissue culture plants. Three points should be considered when selecting a field to produce vegetables: field topography, soil type, and water availability and quality. Land preparation is a very important practice to enhance good yield from crop grown. Your email address will not be published. Strip cropping consists of growing crops in narrow strips across a slope, usually on the contour. The terrace holds the water on the land, allowing it to soak into the soil and reducing or preventing gullying. Land preparation is the first step in the crop production cycle. Aside from the fact that you can predetermine your profit from each bed, the drilling method also allows you to economize your seeds. 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