4. It has high tensile strength, toughness, and wear resistance. It has a specific gravity of  7.5, and it has a melting point of 1250°C. Gray iron is the most common metal cast in foundries. In case the metal contains iron, it is known as a ferrous metal, otherwise as non-ferrous metal. It cannot be tempered or hardened like steel. Ferrous Metals List | Their Types and Properties: 1. METALS. It is suitable for highly corrosive environments such as: liquid, chemical and sewage pipelines. Abrasive Definition and Types of Abrasives its Forms and Applications. The first steel pieces were found in modern-day Turkey and date back to 1,800 BC. Read More: Test for Compressive Strength of Bricks, Absorption, Efflorescence & Size. Strength: It has a tensile strength varying between 2500 to 4000 kg/cm2. ... Non-ferrous metal that is strong and ductile, casts well and is gold coloured but darkens when oxidised with age, a good conductor of heat: It is malleable, ductile, tough, and resistant to corrosion. Carbon steel is a ferrous alloy with 0.05 to 2.0% carbon, and is known for its high … Cast Iron is derived from the Pig Iron. But if elements are added other than Iron and carbon, the Steel is known as alloy Steel. • It is typical of this group that Iron (Fe) in one form or another, is the principle component of all ferrous materials. Recyclable 7. Cupola furnace is cylindrical in shape with an almost uniform diameter (about 1 meter) and a height of about 5 to 6 meters. Why is it that ferrous Alloys have low electrical conductivity. It is very strong, hard, and resistant to Wear and Tear. The usual composition of Grey Cast Iron is: It is soft and ductile. The elements of the composition of Steel apart from carbon are sulfur, silicon, phosphorus, manganese, etc. Any metal that has iron as the main metal in its composition is considered to be ferrous. Alloy cast iron. Ferrous and nonferrous are two important classifications of metals. 2. Metal is a material which can be recycled over and over again without degradation of its properties. The definition of a ferrous metal is any metal that contains iron; non-ferrous metals do not. List and Types of Ferrous Metals; Its properties, uses, etc. Ductile Cast Iron is produced by adding any one of the elements of magnesium, calcium, cerium, bismuth, zinc, cadmium, titanium, and boron into the molten Grey Cast Iron. If there is a free graphite present, it is a Cast Iron, otherwise a Steel. Ferrous and non-ferrous metals are two different types of metals. iron. Main Difference – Ferrous Metals vs Nonferrous Metals. Ferrous metals are those which contain iron as their main constituent or base metal. While the process for making aluminum is a bit more complicated than some of the other metals, it’s actually an extremely common metal. It shows grey color when fractured. 3. Ferrous metallurgy represents roughly 90% of worldwide production of metal. Pig Iron:. It is used for car wheels, rollers for crushing grains, crusher jaw plates, etc. This is a heavy metal that’s dull grey in color, although it becomes shiny when polished. 2. Log in, Guide To The Types Of Metals (Updated Dec 2020), Difference Between Gray and White Cast Iron, Nodular Cast Iron (High Strength Cast Iron, Ductile Iron or Spheroidal Graphite Iron), Difference Between Cast Iron and Steel Ferrous Metals, more information on the different types of steel and stainless steel, Introduction to Types and Identification of Metal, Metal Numbers, Codes, Classifications & Designations, Common Types of Welding (FCAW, GMAW, GTAW, SMAW, SAW), What You Can and Cannot Cut With a Plasma Cutter, Conducts electricity (but not as good as other common metals), Conducts heat with average thermal conductivity, To raise the temperature of one gram of iron by 1, Solution is produced of hydrogen gas and ferric chloride when iron is added to hydrochloric acid, Not as reactive as magnesium, but more reactive than silver. 1. Cast Iron is manufactured in a furnace known as cupola furnace. In all the jobs ranging from the manufacture of a primitive type of agricultural implements to advanced types of Air Crafts, ferrous metals and their alloys occupy a prominent position. Non-ferrous metals are those which do not contain significant quantity of iron (ferrite) or iron as the base metal. Wrought Iron:. It has high tensile strength but weak compressive strength. 2. It is produced when the raw material is burnt at a very high temperature. In this article, you are going to learn in details, that what is Ferrous Metal? It is specially used in the manufacture of Steel in the Bessemer process, because of its freedom from sulfur and phosphorous. However, non-ferrous metals all do have one thing in common: They do not rust. And carbon is included in these impurities, its proportion being generally less than 0.12 percent. The ultimate compressive strength ranges between 1500-2000 kg/cm2. White iron. 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